As the holy month of Ramadan approaches, Muslims around the world are preparing for a period of fasting, prayer, and reflection. One important aspect of Ramadan is fulfilling Fidya , a religious obligation for those who are unable to fast due to valid reasons such as illness or pregnancy.
However, calculating the amount of Fidya can sometimes be confusing, with varying factors and rates across different countries.
This article will explore how much Fidya is expected during Ramadan 2024 in the United States, shedding light on the specific guidelines and considerations for each country’s Muslim population.
What Is Fidya and or Kaffara?
Fidya and Kaffara are terms used in Islamic law to refer to acts of compensation or atonement for certain religious obligations.
Fidya is giving a monetary donation as compensation for being unable to fulfill a religious duty, such as fasting during Ramadan due to illness or pregnancy. It is often calculated based on the cost of providing food for a person in need for each day missed.
On the other hand, Kaffara is a more severe form of atonement required when a person intentionally breaks a religious obligation, such as deliberately breaking a fast during Ramadan without any valid reason.
In such cases, Kaffara involves either fasting continuously for 60 days or feeding 60 needy people. It serves as a means of repentance and seeking forgiveness from Allah.
Both Fidya and kaffara play essential roles in Islam by allowing individuals to compensate for their inability or failure to fulfill specific religious duties. They serve as reminders of the importance of fulfilling one’s obligations and seeking forgiveness when one falls short.
The mysterious practice of Fidya: Origins Revealed through Quran & Hadith
Fidya, a mysterious practice deeply rooted in Islamic tradition, has baffled many for centuries. The origins of this concept can be traced back to the verses of the Quran and various Hadiths.
What is said in the Quran, Fidya? If you cannot observe Saum (fasts) for several days due to illness or travel, you should make up for those missed days later. Similarly, those who find it difficult, such as older people, can fast or feed a poor person daily.
However, it is even more commendable if someone voluntarily chooses to do good. If only you realize it, it is in your best interest to fast.
The month of Ramadan is when the Qur’an was revealed as a guidance for humanity, providing clear evidence of right and wrong.
Therefore, whoever witnesses the start of the month must fast for its duration. However, if someone is ill or traveling, they can make up for the missed days later.
Allah wants to make things easier for you and does not intend to burden you. It is essential to complete the same number of fasting days and to express gratitude to Allah for guiding you.
You can also read in Surah Al Bakra. For your convenience, the verses of Surah Al Baqarah are written in the table below with their meanings
أَيَّامٗا مَّعۡدُودَٰتٖۚ فَمَن كَانَ مِنكُم مَّرِيضًا أَوۡ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٖ فَعِدَّةٞ مِّنۡ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَۚ وَعَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ يُطِيقُونَهُۥ فِدۡيَةٞ طَعَامُ مِسۡكِينٖۖ فَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيۡرٗا فَهُوَ خَيۡرٞ لَّهُۥۚ وَأَن تَصُومُواْ خَيۡرٞ لَّكُمۡ إِن كُنتُمۡ تَعۡلَمُونَ
|Meaning: [Fasting for] a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey [during them] – then an equal number of days [are to be made up]. And upon those who are able [to fast, but with hardship] – a ransom [as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]. And whoever volunteers excess – it is better for him. But to fast is best for you, if you only knew.|
شَهۡرُ رَمَضَانَ ٱلَّذِيٓ أُنزِلَ فِيهِ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانُ هُدٗى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَٰتٖ مِّنَ ٱلۡهُدَىٰ وَٱلۡفُرۡقَانِۚ فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ ٱلشَّهۡرَ فَلۡيَصُمۡهُۖ وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوۡ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٖ فَعِدَّةٞ مِّنۡ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَۗ يُرِيدُ ٱللَّهُ بِكُمُ ٱلۡيُسۡرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ ٱلۡعُسۡرَ وَلِتُكۡمِلُواْ ٱلۡعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُواْ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَىٰكُمۡ وَلَعَلَّكُمۡ تَشۡكُرُونَ
|Meaning: The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey – then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.|
What is said in the Hadith Fidya?
What does the Hadith Fidya say? I had a conversation with Ka’b bin Ujra and inquired about the Fidya. He said this revelation was revealed explicitly for my situation, but it applies to everyone.
I was taken to Allah’s Apostle, and many lice fell on my face. The Prophet expressed surprise at the severity of my ailment or struggle. He asked if I could afford a sheep, to which I replied no.
He then advised me to fast for three days or feed six poor individuals with half a Sa of food each (equivalent to approximately 3 kilograms). (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 3, Book 28, No. 43)
How Much Is Fidya For Ramadan?
The amount of Fidya for Ramadan 2024 in the USA can vary depending on the organization or foundation you choose to donate through.
As mentioned, some organizations have set specific amounts for Fidya . For example, Al-Ayn Social Care Foundation suggests a donation of $1.5 to feed six poor individuals with half a Sa of food each, which is approximately 3 kilograms.
Other organizations, like Muslim Aid USA, recommend a higher donation of $12 for Fidya. Similarly, Muslim Response suggests a donation of $10, Minhaj Welfare Foundation recommends $8, and Islamic Relief suggests $5 for Fidya .
It’s important to note that these amounts are just suggestions and can vary based on individual circumstances and personal preferences. It’s always best to research different organizations and their Fidya programs to find one that aligns with your values and budget.
|Al-Ayn Social Care Foundation||$1.5||Photo Link|
|Muslim Aid USA||$12||Photo Link|
|Muslim Response||$10||Photo Link|
|Minhaj Welfare Foundation||$8||Photo Link|
|Islamic Relief||$5||Photo Link|
Fidya For Missed Fasts Due To Pregnancy
Fidya for missed fasts due to pregnancy is a concession granted in Islam to pregnant and breastfeeding women who fear harm to themselves or their child if they were to fast.
Instead of fasting, they can feed an indigent person for each missed fast as compensation. This concession recognizes the importance of prioritizing the mother’s and child’s health and well-being.
It is important to note that this concession is not meant to be taken lightly or used as an excuse to avoid fasting without a valid reason.
It is only applicable when there is a genuine concern for harm during pregnancy or breastfeeding. Islamic teachings emphasize fasting during Ramadan and prioritize preserving life and well-being above all else.
Fidya for missed fasts due to pregnancy serves as a compassionate allowance within Islam, ensuring that pregnant and breastfeeding women can fulfill their religious obligations while caring for their physical health and their child.
Are you making these common mistakes with your Fidya donations?
Regarding Fidya donations in the USA, people often must correct a few common mistakes. Firstly, one common mistake is not correctly calculating the amount of Fidya required.
It is essential to understand the guidelines for Fidya and calculate the appropriate amount based on your circumstances. This ensures that you fulfill your religious obligation correctly.
Another mistake people make is not researching reputable organizations to donate their Fidya.
Choosing an organization with a proven track record of transparency and accountability in distributing donations is crucial. This way, you can be confident that your Fidya will reach those in need. Avoiding these common mistakes when making Fidya donations in the USA is essential.
By accurately calculating the required amount and selecting reputable organizations, you can ensure that your donations have a meaningful impact and fulfill your religious obligations effectively.
How To Pay Fidya Online?
Paying Fidya online can be a convenient and efficient way to fulfill your religious obligations. Here are a few steps to help you pay fidya online:
- Research reliable platforms: Look for reputable Islamic organizations or websites that offer online fidya payment services. Make sure the platform is secure and trustworthy before proceeding with any transactions.
- Calculate the amount: Fidya is typically compensated for missed fasts during Ramadan. The amount usually equates to feeding one poor person for each missed day. Calculate the number of missed fasts and multiply it by the meal cost in your local area.
- Make the payment: Once you have selected a reliable platform and calculated the amount, proceed with making the payment. Follow the instructions on the website, which usually involve filling out a form with your details, specifying the number of missed fasts, and making an online payment through various methods such as credit/debit cards or digital wallets.
Remember to keep a record of your payment confirmation for future reference or if you need to provide proof of fulfilling your fidya obligation.
It’s also advisable to consult with your local religious authority or scholars for guidance on specific requirements or recommendations regarding Fidya payments in your community.
Where To Pay Fidya in the USA?
In the USA, several organizations accept Fidya payments. Some well-known organizations include Al-Ayn Social Care Foundation, Muslim Aid USA, Muslim Response, Minhaj Welfare Foundation, and Islamic Relief.
However, it is always a good idea to do your research and check with these organizations directly to ensure they accept fidya payments and learn about their specific process for making donations.
It is important to note that Fidya and kaffarah can only be given to the poor and needy. To fulfill your Fidya obligation, you can contact these organizations or directly assist those in need by feeding a Miskeen (a poor person).
It may also be helpful to consult with local mosques or Islamic centers in your area as they may have additional resources or guidance on where to pay Fidya in the USA.
Who is Eligible to pay Fidya?
- Pregnant women advised not to fast during Ramadan
- Chronically ill individuals, including those with mental diseases, should refrain from fasting
- Temporary illness during Ramadan should exempt individuals from fasting
- People who need to take medication regularly should not fast during Ramadan
- Seniors who cannot fast due to age should be exempt from fasting.
Who is Eligible to pay Kaffara?
In Islamic law, Kaffara refers to atonement or expiation for certain acts or omissions. It is important to note that eligibility to pay Kaffara depends on the specific circumstances and the nature of the offense committed.
Generally, individuals who have intentionally violated certain religious obligations or committed prohibited acts may be required to pay Kaffara.
For example, if someone deliberately breaks a fast during Ramadan without a valid reason, they would be eligible to pay Kaffara.
Similarly, those who intentionally miss prayers without a valid excuse may also be obligated to offer Kaffara.
However, consulting with a knowledgeable religious authority or scholar who can guide specific cases and determine whether Kaffara is necessary is essential.
Ultimately, the eligibility for paying Kaffara varies depending on the situation and the severity of the offense committed. It is recommended for individuals seeking clarification on their specific circumstances to seek guidance from a qualified Islamic scholar or religious authority.
The Hidden Truth: Who Receives Fidya and Kaffara Funds?
The distribution of Fidya and Kaffara funds varies depending on the organization or institution involved. These funds are generally intended to help those in need, including poor people, people experiencing homelessness, people with disabilities, and other vulnerable individuals.
However, it is essential to research and choose credible organizations that have a transparent process for distributing these funds.
Many reputable charities and non-profit organizations work diligently to ensure that Fidya and Kaffara funds reach those who genuinely need them. They often have established criteria to identify eligible recipients and distribute funds accordingly.
Additionally, some organizations may collaborate with local communities or partner with government agencies to maximize the impact of these funds.
Donors need to do their due diligence before contributing to any organization claiming to distribute Fidya and Kaffara funds. Researching their track record, transparency in financial management, and impact on beneficiaries can help ensure that your donation reaches those who genuinely require assistance.
By supporting trustworthy organizations, we can contribute towards uplifting the lives of the poor, homeless, handicapped, and other marginalized individuals in our society.
Understanding the principles of Fidya and kaffara during Ramadan is essential for Muslims residing iIndividualsindividuals can fulfill their religious obligations while supporting them by calculating the appropriate amount based on their circumstances in need.
It is important to remember that Fidya and kaffara are not merely financial obligations but acts of compassion and generosity towards the less fortunate.
As we approach Ramadan 2024, let us strive to deepen our understanding of these concepts and actively contribute to charitable causes. May this holy month bring blessings, forgiveness, and an increased sense of unity among all Muslims in the USA.
Question – What is Fidya?
Answer: Fidya is a religious obligation in Islam, where individuals who are unable to fast during Ramadan due to illness or other valid reasons can make a payment instead.
Question – How much Fidya should I pay?
Answer: The recommended amount for Fidya is the equivalent of feeding one poor person two meals a day for each missed day of fasting.
Question – Can I pay Fidya on behalf of someone else?
Answer: Yes, you can pay Fidya on behalf of someone else, such as an elderly or sick individual who cannot fulfill their fasting obligations.
Question – What is Kaffara?
Answer: Kaffara refers to the expiation or atonement for breaking an oath or committing a major sin in Islam. It involves offering specific acts of worship or making charitable donations.
Question – How do I determine the appropriate Kaffara for my situation?
Answer: The type and severity of the oath or sin will determine the appropriate Kaffara. Consulting with a knowledgeable religious authority is recommended to understand your specific circumstances.
Question – Can Kaffara be paid in monetary form?
Answer: In some instances, monetary payments can be made to fulfill the requirements for Kaffara. However, consulting with a religious authority is essential to ensure compliance with Islamic teachings.
Question – Can I combine multiple missed fasts or broken oaths into one payment?
Answer: It is permissible to combine multiple missed fasts or broken oaths into one payment when calculating Fidya or Kaffara, as long as all necessary conditions are met.
Question – Are there any exceptions where Fidya or Kaffara does not apply?
Answer: Exceptions may exist in certain situations, such as if an individual’s health condition prevents them from fasting indefinitely. In this case, alternative acts of worship may be prescribed by religious authorities instead of Fidya or Kaffara payments.
Question – What is Kaffarah?
Answer: Kaffarah refers to the expiration or compensation one must pay for deliberately and unjustifiably not fasting during Ramadan.
Question – When do I need to pay Kaffarah?
Answer: Kaffarah becomes obligatory if you intentionally and without a valid reason miss a day of fasting during Ramadan.
Question – How much Kaffarah do I need to pay?
Answer: The amount of Kaffarah required for missing a day of fasting consecutively without a valid reason is feeding 60 poor individuals or providing them with equivalent monetary value.
Question – Can I choose between feeding people experiencing poverty or providing monetary compensation?
Answer: You can feed 60 poor individuals or provide an equivalent monetary value to Kaffarah.
Question – How can I determine the monetary value of Kaffarah?
Answer: The recommended practice is to calculate the cost of feeding an average meal in your local community and multiply it by 60 to determine the monetary value of Kaffarah.
Question – Can I give my Kaffarah directly to needy individuals instead of an organization?
Answer: Yes, you can personally distribute the food or money among deserving people, ensuring their needs are met adequately.
Question – What should I do if paying Kaffarah is not possible for me financially?
Answer: If you cannot afford to pay Kaffarah due to financial constraints, seeking forgiveness from Allah (repentance) is highly encouraged, along with making up the military later date.
Question – Do I need to perform any additional acts alongside paying Kaffarah?
Answer: Alongside paying Kaffaessentials necessary to make up the missed fasts later when possible as an essential part of repentance and fulfilling your obligation towards fasting in Islam.
Question – How much kaffarah to pay for not fasting?
Answer: The kaffarah (expiation) for not fasting during Ramadan without a valid reason in Islam is a significant act of atonement. It typically involves fasting for 60 consecutive days. If someone is unable to fast for these 60 days consecutively, they have the option to provide food to 60 needy people for each day they miss fasting.
So, the calculation for the kaffarah is as follows:
If someone misses one day of fasting in Ramadan without a valid reason, they would either need to fast for 60 consecutive days or feed 60 needy people for that one day.
If someone misses multiple days, they must make the same calculation for each day missed, either fasting for 60 consecutive days for each day missed or feeding 60 needy people for each day missed.
It’s important to note that kaffarah is typically applied when someone deliberately and without a valid reason breaks their fast during Ramadan. If someone misses a day of fasting due to a valid reason (such as illness, pregnancy, travel, or menstruation), they are generally required to make up for those missed days by fasting at a later date, but they do not need to pay kaffarah.